SECURITY AS AN INDEPENDENT SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE - A contribution to a comprehensive security study to meet the requirements of the contemporary globalized world

A contribution to a comprehensive security study to meet the requirements of the contemporary globalized world

  • Orhan Dragaš International Security Institute


The study of security, in all its aspects, traditionally faces a number of problems, from terminology and meaning, to definition and the corpus of knowledge. Only when we resolve these problems can we deliver a successful formulation of security science as an independent discipline. The “Security concept” is often subject to more scrutiny than the general ambit of  security science, which would interpret this concept within its own framework.  There remains a lack of any unique and comprehensive definition of  Security concept, which tends to be viewed as an interaction with the security object.  We, attempt to define it through two questions: Security for whom? And Security based on which values?

The international reality at the beginning of the 21st century presented a challenge to the academic sector to redefine the dominant existing principles of the security concept.  This meant the need for the state to move aside as the long-standing predominant security controller and thus for academics to observe security as a general prerequisite for the functioning of any system, be it  a state, database, business, environment or citizen, etc.

The field of ​​security is still dominantly studied within the context of some other academic discipline, principally social sciences, such as sociology and criminology.  However, there is a growing need to study security in the context of technological sciences, bearing in mind the increasing significance of security of information systems, databases and so on. Research has shown that the security field already has sufficient categories (fields) that would constitute its unique “corpus of knowledge”, as an important prerequisite for qualifying security as an independent science.

We also suggest that this corpus of knowledge can be extended to other disciplines to make security studies yet more comprehensive, and also demonstrate elasticity to adapt, as an independent scientific discipline, to the demands of change and new times. This need has been particularly pronounced in the decades that followed the Cold War, in the period of dynamic economic, political and technological globalization, where  the security of individuals, social groups, business and institutional systems, has become a dominant aspect in the functioning of modern society. In that sense, the establishment of security science as an independent discipline is necessary not only for the development of a theoretical model, but also because of its wide practical application in modern, globalized world.


Al-Rodhan, Nayef R.F: The Five Dimensions of Global Security: Proposal for a Multi-sum Security Principle, LIT Verlag (2007)

Baldwin D.A: The Concept of Security, Review of International Studies, 23 (1997)

Baylis J: International Security in the Post-Cold War Era, u John Baylis and Steve Smith (eds): The Globalization of World Politics, Oxford University Press (1997)

Brooks D.J: What is Security: Definition through knowledge categorization, Security Journal (2009)

Buzan, B, Hansen L: The Evolution of International Security Studies. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press (2009)

Buzan, B: People, States & Fear, Colchester, ECPR (2007)

English Oxford Living Dictionaries

Gill M: Predgovor za Smith C.L i Brooks D.J: Security Science: The Theory and Practice of Security (2012)

Hay C: International relations theory and globalization, u International Relations Theories (2013)

Hoenke J: Does big business build peace? Washington Post (2014)

Interpol: Global Cybercrime Strategy, February 2017

ISACA: State of Cyber Security Study 2017

Kaldor M: In Defence of New Wars. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development (2013)

Kaleta P: Germany rejects creating European intelligence agency, Politico (2017)

Lippmann W: US Foreign Policy: Shield of the Republic (1943)

Morgan S: Cybercrime Damages $6 Trillion by 2021, Cybersecurity Ventures (2017)

OECD: Toolkit for protecting digital consumers: A resource for G20 Policy Makers, OECD (2018)

Pres. Barack Obama: Statement by the President, Fairmont Hotel, San Jose, California, June 07, 2013. (

Rohwerder B: The multilateral system's contribution to peace and security, GSDRC (2014)

Shiva M: Americans feel the tensions between privacy and security concerns, Pew Research Centre (2016)

Smith C, Brooks D: Security Science: The Theory and Practise of Security (2012)

Stampnitzky L: Sociology: Security and insecurities in Security – Dialogue across disciplines, Cambridge University Press (2015)

UNDOC: The globalization of crime, a transnational organized crime threat assessment (2010)

Walt S.M: The Renaissance of Security Studies, International Studies Quarterly (1991)

Wolfers, A: National Security" as an Ambiguous Symbol, Political Science Quarterly (1952)

Wohlforth, W. C: Realism and Security Studies. The Routledge Handbook of Security Studies. M. D. Cavelty and V. Mauer, New York, Routledge (2010)

2018 Identity Fraud: Fraud Enters a New Era of Complexity, Javelin Strategy and Research (2018)