• Rudolf Pastor External PhD. student of the Security and Defence Department, Armed Forces Academy of gen. M. R. Štefánik, Demänová 393, 031 01 Liptovský Mikuláš
  • Pavel Bučka Assoc. prof. Ing. Pavel BUČKA, CSc. Professor of Security and Defence Department, Armed Forces Academy of gen. M. R. Štefánik, Demänová 393, 031 01 Liptovský Mikuláš
Keywords: The Georgian-Abkhazian War, The Russian Federation Southern Military District, conflict, independence, security actors, aid.


Review paper


Both the Georgian-Abkhazian War of 1992-93 and the five-day War of 2008 led to the subsequent presence of the Russian Federation Armed Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Both de jure internationally unrecognized states without any Georgian governmental administration executive power over them present a major conflict seemingly frozen in time. „Status quo“ is represented on the Abkhazian and the South Ossetia side supported by their Russian patrons and by Georgia on the other side. The Russian Federation military presence prevents Georgia to execute any rights and functions over breakaway states under the Russian protectorate. The military power of the Russian Federation projected in Abkhazia, including aid provided by Russia since 2008 until 2019, is the topic of the following article. Russia is ensuring its dominance over both regions not only through its military presence but also by providing financial and material aid. Approximately 45% of the state budget of Abkhazia provided by Russia in 2019 excluding material support is self-explanatory to understand the strategic importance of both territories located in the Southern Caucasus. Abkhazia is located next to the Black Sea and both close to the Caspian Sea, considered by the Russian Federation the predominant sphere of its strategic interests in this region.


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