THE CONCEPT OF SECURITY IN ANCIENT GREECE: AN ANALYSIS THROUGH ANCIENT GREEK INTELLECTUALS

  • Pinelopi (Nely) Passakou Senior Analyst at the Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS) based in Athens
Keywords: Security, Ancient Greece, protection, invasion, enemy

Abstract

An early stage of a specific custom linked to the Ancient Olympic Games can be considered as one of the most powerful messages of the Greeks regarding their general views on security matters. For ancient Greeks, security was closely linked to war. Back then, the war went beyond protection from enemy invasion, something we would by definition call security nowadays. The article reviews the concept of security (“ἀσφάλεια,” asfalia) and its meaning as stability against and prevention of possible falls, and to be protected from danger.

References

Bengtson, Hermann, “Ιστορία της Αρχαίας Ελλάδος”, 2nd ed., trans. Gavrili, Andrea, (Melissa, Athens, 1991).

Pendazou M., “Τιμές στους νικητές”, in “Οι Ολυμπιακοί αγώνες στην αρχαία Ελλάδα”, (Ekdotiki Athinon, Athens, 2003).

Swaddling, Judith, “The Ancient Olympic Games 2nd ed.”, (University of Texas Press, Austin, 2000).

Liddell & Scott, “Λεξικό της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Γλώσσας”, (Summary of the Grand Dictionary, published by Pelekanos, 2007).

Branislav Todorović, Darko Trifunović, Security Science as Scientific Discipline-Technological aspects, (Security Science Journal No1 2020,p.10)

Gregoropoulos, Kyriakos, “Αρχαίοι Έλληνες Οπλίτες”, Μονογραφίες του περιοδικού Στρατιωτική Ιστορία, Vol. 37, (Periskopio, Athens, 2008).

Thucydides, “History of the Peloponnesian War”, Books 6 & 7.

Herodotus, “Histories”, (7.140.1-7.144.3).

Demosthenes, “Third Philippic”, (47-55).

Gerolymatos, Andre, “Espionage and Treason: A Study of the “Proxenia” in Political and Military Intelligence Gathering in Ancient Greece”, (Amsterdam, J.C. Gieben, The Netherlands, 1986).

The Greek historian Thucydides documented the war between Sparta and Athens, which lasted for 27 years between 431 and 404 BC. The war was the largest the Greek world had known of up to this date, and encompassed almost the entire Greek world, and came with a very high price for Athens, once the mightiest power in Greece, lost her supremacy due to the war.

Rose Mary Sheldon, “The Ancient Imperative: Clandestine Operations and Covert Action”, Intelligence and Counterintelligence, Vol. 10, No.3, Fall 1997, pp:299-300.

Loch K. Johnson, “The Secret Agencies”, (Yale University, USA, 1996).

William H.J. Monthorpe Jr., “Leading Intelligence in the 21st Century”, Defense Intelligence Journal, Vol. 7, Spring 1998, pp:1-3.

Branislav Todorović, Darko Trifunović, Security Science as Scientific Discipline-Technological aspects, (Security Science Journal No1 2020,p.11)

Published
2020-12-31