• Tornike Okropilashvili Georgian Technical University
Keywords: Security and safety, Deterrence, Sovereignty, Democratic Peace, Domino Effect of Instability, Weaponized, New Cold War, Zero-sum game, Concession policy


Research Paper


One of the main challenges in modern international relations is the Russia-Ukraine conflict, which is developing in two main directions: the energy crisis and the migrant crisis. The world has entered the phase of a "New Cold War". Russia is becoming more and more provocative and threatening world security by destabilizing the region.

In the eighteenth century, the German philosopher Immanuel Kant formulated the theory of "Perpetual Peace", where the behavior of the main state is determined by the regime. According to Kant, if the state is governed democratically then starting a war and other negative actions will be much more difficult than under other governments. In modern International Relations “theory of Democratic peace” is an important achievement for the establishment and maintenance of peace between the states. The stages of its formation and ideological controversies, as already mentioned, lead to a regime where Democrats do not fight each other since the regime determines all rules of behavior and the distribution of power between different branches.

Democracies prioritize stability in any policy, but in today's world, we often see states that negatively affect international relations and contribute to the formation of mass instability. Such states often violate the principles of international law, disregard sovereignty, interfere in the domestic politics of other states, and reveal other destructive actions, which are expressed in various ways. Recently the importance of the domino effect of global insecurity has been raised. The creation of mass instability or such behavior has an impact on other states. If any important player creates such a vulnerability, plays a negative role, and breaks the rules of the overall game, he pushes other states to behave similarly. According to Adam Kinzinger "Russia is playing a negative role not only in terms of influence but also in terms of creating mass instability


“Official website of Foreign Intelligence Service of The Russian Federation: ” (In Russian). Last seen: 18.12.2021.

“Official website of The Governance of United Kingdom: PM speech to the Lord Mayor's Banquet: 15 November 2021 - GOV.UK ( (In English). Last seen: 15.11.2021.

“Official website of The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation:” (In Russian). Last seen: 20.12.2021.

Alberto Nardelli, Jennifer Jacobs, and Nick Wadhams. U.S. Warning Europe That Russia May Invade Ukraine. 2021.

Aleksandr Dugin., (1997). Foundations of Geopolitics: The geopolitical future of Russia.

Aleksandr Dugin., (2019). Political Platonism: The philosophy of politics.

Atlantic Counsil., (2019). Thinking foreign policy in Russia.

Deterrence and defence., (2021). NATO.

Duncan, P., (2000). Russian Messianism.

European Parliament., (2017). Directorate-General For External Policies. Russia’s national Security strategy and military doctrine and their implications fo the EU.

Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation., (2016).

Fyodor Lukyanov. “Putin’s Foreign Policy: The Quest to Restore Russia's Rightful Place”. Foreign affairs. Published by Council on foreign Relations. 2016. (In English).

Global Peace Index., (2020).

HSE Academic Council., (2020). Researchs about Russian foreighn policy. (In English). Last seen: 16.12.2021. (In English). (In English). Last seen: 05.12.2021.

Julian E. Barnes, Eric Schmitt. U.S. Warns Allies of Possible Russian Incursion as Troops Amass Near Ukraine. 2021.

Leiden University.,(2020). Security and Safety Challengies in a globalized world.

Lukyanov, F., (2016). Putin’s Foreign Policy.

NATIONAL SECURITY CONCEPT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION., (2000). Approved by Presidential Decree No. 24 of 10 January 2000.

NATO Secretary General discusses Belarus, Russia, with Chancellor Merkel. 2021.

Official page of ABCnews: (In English). last seen: 15.11.2021

Official Page of Carnegie Moscow Center: (In English). Last Seen: 12.12.2021

Official page of Germany’s international broadcaster Deutsche Welle: (In English). Last seen: 20.12.2021

Official website of The Central Intelligence Agency of The United States: (In English). Last seen: 22.12.2021

Simon Dalby., (2020). National Security in a rapidly changing world.

Zurab Chiaberashvili. “Munich 1938- Peace with Dignity”. 2014. Tbilisi (In Georgian).